White Papers


Technical expertise. Real world solutions.

Ballard Motive Solutions is known for addressing the deployment gap between rapidly evolving low-carbon technologies and production-ready solutions. These white papers reflect our deep technical expertise, market knowledge and collaborative approach across a range of zero-emission applications for heavy-duty transport.

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Zero-Emissions Refuse Collection Vehicle Solution

Ballard Motive Solutions (formerly Arcola Energy) and Ballard Power Systems present the first detailed total cost of ownership (TCO) analysis for fuel cell RCVs compared to diesel and battery electric technology. Using actual data collected from diesel powered RCVs operating in the UK, the paper examines the capability of fuel cell powered RCVs to meet the cost and performance requirements of waste management.